St Alban's Catholic Primary School

Following in the Footsteps of Jesus we love, live and learn together

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Every child deserves the best possible start in life and support to fulfil their potential. A child’s experience in the early years has a major impact on their future life chances. A secure, safe and happy childhood is important in its own right and it provides the foundation for children to make the most of their abilities and talents as they grow up.’

There are 7 Areas of Learning in the Early Years Foundation Stage 


Personal, Social and Emotional Development
Physical Development
Communication and Language
Understanding the World
Expressive Arts and Design


Throughout the EYFS, children will be working towards the Early Learning Goals. These describe the level of attainment expected at the end of your child’s Reception year in school.


The EYFS principles aim to foster children who are:

  • Strong - understanding who they are, developing a sense of self assurance and learning to belong
  • Skilful Communicators - learning to talk as well as listen
  • Competent Learners - developing creativity and imagination
  • Healthy - keeping mind, body and spirit happy and healthy


Within the foundations of the EYFS structure, there are seven areas of learning, three prime areas and four specific areas.


Prime Areas of Learning

Personal, Social and Emotional Development (PS&E)

Aiding a child in developing a sense of self, encouraging the formation of positive relationships, social skills, and self-confidence.

Communication and Language Development (C & L)

Developing a child's confidence in the way they express themselves, through all mediums of communication, including written and spoken word.

Physical Development (PD)

Focusing on coordination, movement and manipulation, as well as encouraging healthy lifestyle choices.

Specific Areas of Learning

Literacy (L)

Encouraging children to link letters and sounds and introducing them to a wide variety of materials and topics.

Mathematics (M)

From counting to calculating simple sums, and describing shapes and spaces to understanding how we use numbers in daily life.

Understanding the World (UW)

Through observing the people, places and things around them, children explore and discover the world.

Expressive Art and Design (EA & D)

Curiosity and play are ingrained in learning, providing children with the opportunity to be creative and learning to express themselves through more than just words.






The Characteristics of Learning

Three characteristics of effective teaching and learning identified by the EYFS are: playing and exploring - children investigate and experience things, and 'have a go'; ... creating and thinking critically - children have and develop their own ideas, make links between ideas, and develop strategies for doing things.